This stout plant often acts as a biennial: mostly vegetative the first year, with a few flowers, then display an impressive amount of blooms in the second year. The flowers are an important late-season source of pollen and nectar for butterflies, native bees, syrphid flies, wasps and other beneficial insects.
- Height- 24”-36”
- Width- 12”-18”
- Water: Dry to Wet (lives anywhere!)
- Sun: Full sun to part shade
- Bloom time: July-August
- Direct sowing: fall sowing is recommended as this species usually has a fair amount of seed dormancy. Seeds usually need 45-90 days of cold moist chilling (35-40 degrees) before seeds will germinate in spring.
- Growing transplants: sow seeds in containers and place outdoors in or in a cold frame in February, seeds should germinate as temperatures rise in late March.